B.R.I.D.G.E. TO DATA® (B.R.I.D.G.E.)
What is B.R.I.D.G.E. TO DATA®?
B.R.I.D.G.E. TO DATA® (B.R.I.D.G.E. stands for Benefit-Risk Information for DruG Evaluation) is a non-profit web-accessible subscription resource of database profiles worldwide that provides in-depth information on population healthcare databases. B.R.I.D.G.E. is optimized to allow easy update of information, so that it is based on the most relevant and current data available. The resource allows searching by keyword or criteria, creating personal collections, comparing and exporting search results and other great features. We work closely with database managers, healthcare professionals, and customers as we continue to develop and refine B.R.I.D.G.E. with additional profiles and features on an ongoing basis.
When was B.R.I.D.G.E. TO DATA® launched?
B.R.I.D.G.E. is the most recent and updated version of the RAD-AR (Risk Assessment of Drugs-Analysis & Response) Handbooks (1988), and later the B.R.I.D.G.E. On-Line (2000) service. The current service was re-launched in November 2009 after being re-branded as B.R.I.D.G.E. TO DATA®.
Does B.R.I.D.G.E. TO DATA® have an Advisory Board?
Yes. We have a committee of eight professionals from government, academia and private industry. For more information see Advisory Board.
Does B.R.I.D.G.E. TO DATA® have actual data sets for analytical studies?
No, though in future we might be able to get de-identified samples for selected datasets. B.R.I.D.G.E. was initially developed to support researchers, educators and healthcare database developers to provide detailed, standardized profiles and descriptions of population healthcare databases. Most useful is the description of how the information is collected, coded, and what portion of the population each database covers. B.R.I.D.G.E. does not include any proprietary or actual data from databases listed in the resource. A subscription to B.R.I.D.G.E. allows a user to search, compare, and read in-depth information about what data are being collected by various population healthcare databases. Each profile also contains database contact information, which allows users to contact them and discuss access to datasets. The Administrative Data section of each database profile includes a brief summary of the format in which data may be provided to researchers, as well as the cost to access data.
Who edits the database profiles?
Each of the databases has been researched and reviewed by our expert staff at DGI, LLC. The Primary Editor of the database profiles until August 2020 was our Executive Director, the late Judith K. Jones, MD, PhD, who also managed the previous versions since 1988, of the Risk Assessment of Drugs Analysis & Response (RAD-AR) Handbooks and later the B.R.I.D.G.E. On-Line (2000) service. Dr. Jones was an internationally recognized expert in the areas of adverse drug reactions and Pharmacoepidemiology, an internist/geriatrician and clinical pharmacologist, and formerly Director of the Division of Drug and Biological Experience at the FDA. Dr. Jones leaves behind a strong team of well-trained experts who continue to draft and review the profiles, currently headed by Sharmila Kamani. However, as a final review, we still continue obtaining the assistance of the respective database managers or representatives to review each field entry, a process we still follow even after the database profile has been uploaded onto B.R.I.D.G.E. Once every 2-3 years we contact individual database managers to verify that the profiles detail the most current and accurate information. Sometimes though, we update them more frequently depending on change in database name, acquisition or major edits.
Are all database profiles reviewed by database managers?
A few database profiles on the B.R.I.D.G.E. site are not reviewed by database managers because the data are usually publicly available on their respective websites. In such cases the expert staff at DGI, LLC drafts the profile and uploads it on to the B.R.I.D.G.E. website (with the knowledge of the database manager). The database managers are given the option of reviewing the profile at any time in the future and updating it as needed. NOTE: These profiles are distinguished in the B.R.I.D.G.E. resource with a double asterisk (**).
How often are the database profiles updated?
The database profiles undergo a thorough review by our expert staff at DGI, LLC, and each of the managers/representatives at the respective databases before they are submitted to B.R.I.D.G.E. After that, the details are verified once every 2-3 years with the respective database managers/representatives or more frequently depending on change in database name, acquisition or major edits. Sometimes though, a profile is not updated if it is no longer being offered (§).
How many database profiles are listed with B.R.I.D.G.E. TO DATA®?
We currently have ~350 database profiles from 43 countries. Our goal is to continue adding more database profiles on a regular basis from many countries worldwide.
Which countries are the database profiles from?
At present B.R.I.D.G.E. includes database profiles from the following countries: Australia, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, China, Croatia, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, India, Iran, Israel, Italy, Japan, Malta, Mexico, Namibia, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Serbia, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, The Netherlands, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United Arab Emirates, and United States of America. We plan to expand our collection of database profiles to include many more countries.
How does B.R.I.D.G.E. TO DATA® decide on which databases to profile?
• Our priority is to seek databases with comprehensive total populations for health research
• We look for databases with healthcare population data utilized in regulatory processes
• Besides, we focus on specialty databases, such as disease-specific registries, genetic and tissue databases, biobanks
These priorities come from a variety of sources:
• Our long history of working within the field of pharmacoepidemiology
• DGI, LLC Advisory Board
• Ongoing review of scientific literature
• Requests from subscribers
• Database managers that contact us directly
• Scientific meetings like ICPE
Why are some databases not currently profiled on B.R.I.D.G.E. TO DATA®?
The main goal of B.R.I.D.G.E. is to profile databases from around the world with the most current information. Therefore, B.R.I.D.G.E. profiles databases as new ones are created, while others are updated at least once every couple years or as needed. We work with each database manager to ensure their database profile is complete and accurate. Although we try to include as many profiles on our web site as possible, we unfortunately cannot profile every database. In some cases it takes time, and in other cases data centers with private or non-commercial databases may not wish to disclose their data to non-affiliates (or the international community). To view them see our Declined List.
Please contact us if a database of interest is not profiled on our website; it may be due to such restrictions set by the database managers, or because the database is no longer being offered. However, we do have some profiles of databases no longer/currently not being offered; these are indicated with the symbol §.
Do I have to register to use B.R.I.D.G.E. TO DATA®?
Yes. The registration only takes a few minutes. Review our Subscription Rates before registering.
Do you have a tutorial for B.R.I.D.G.E. TO DATA®?
Yes. B.R.I.D.G.E. is designed to be user-friendly and caters to a spectrum of users, including those new to pharmacoepidemiology as well as experienced researchers. However, to learn more about B.R.I.D.G.E.’s capabilities, search methods, and comparison features, try out our online tutorials on How to Conduct a Search, How to Create a Collection, and How to Sign Up.
Can I search for database profiles that capture data on a specific disease or therapy?
There are several databases listed in B.R.I.D.G.E. that capture data on various diseases/therapies of interest even though the specific disease/therapy is not mentioned in the profile. We therefore recommend multiple strategies in searching for datasets by disease/therapy type. For example, here are some options for identifying databases with diabetic patients:
1) Keyword-based search: On the search page, type in a keyword(s) or wildcard term(s) to search for keyword matches in the profile. E.g., Keyword = Diab (for “diabetic,” “diabetes”). If the term appears in a profile, it will be highlighted in yellow at each mention. Disease terms are usually mentioned in these fields: Brief Database Description, Diagnosis Data, and References. Using unique terms such as “insulin” and “HbA1c” may also help.
2) Criteria-based search: On the search page, select Diagnosis data = Yes, and then review search results for diagnosis coding system(s). The coding system usually helps identify whether the specific diagnoses of interest are captured in that database. The reference listing in each profile may also give you a sense of the diseases captured by any given database.
Most profiles do not break down database population sizes by disease type; this proprietary information can only be provided by the respective data vendors. The user can then contact the database manager(s) mentioned in the Administrative Data section for more information.
Can I contact a manager of a database that was profiled on B.R.I.D.G.E. TO DATA®?
Yes. Each database profile usually has the contact information for one or more persons in charge of the respective database, who may be able to address your specific needs of that database. We also provide you active links to the respective database homepage for you to explore. If you need assistance and are unable to reach the respective database representative, please contact us, and we will try to help you.
I have more information regarding a particular database profile. Who should I contact?
Please contact us, so we can follow-up.
What if I need help with my database-related project?
The B.R.I.D.G.E. TO DATA® Team also offers assistance on database-related projects and can be contacted any time for a proposal (email@example.com). Some examples of how the team can help your studies succeed include:
• Conduct comprehensive database searches (using B.R.I.D.G.E., literature, their professional network, other sources);
• Identify data sources meeting your study’s unique criteria;
• Communicate with data vendors on your behalf;
• Facilitate data access (third-party data requests);
• Develop searchable database repositories customized for your team;
• Create tables of multi-source data elements; and
• Help incorporate B.R.I.D.G.E. as a database teaching tool in your classroom.
Do you have a glossary of field terms used by B.R.I.D.G.E. TO DATA®?
Yes. We hope to set a high standard in healthcare research by providing detailed listings of database profiles, with over 135 descriptors per database. We are aware that many B.R.I.D.G.E. users are new to healthcare databases, and so we provide a comprehensive Glossary of field names and coding systems. We hope that B.R.I.D.G.E. can be both a useful research tool as well as an educational experience.
How can I contact B.R.I.D.G.E. TO DATA® for help?
You can contact DGI, LLC by clicking on the “Questions & Feedback” button at the top of every page. You can submit your questions using the e-mail form that appears, or by e-mailing us at firstname.lastname@example.org. You can call us at +1 (571)-402-1576. We have B.R.I.D.G.E. experts who can address all your customer service needs during regular business hours (Mon-Fri 8 AM – 5 PM US Eastern Time). NOTE: We are closed on all major US holidays.
Billing and Payment
What are the subscription rates?
Our Subscription Rates page should provide you with all the necessary information. If you are interested in a global subscription rate or in licensing the B.R.I.D.G.E. extract, please contact us at email@example.com.
What does per facility (postal code) mean?
Per facility means a single, geographically contiguous office building, complex, or campus location. Some companies have multiple offices worldwide. Therefore, if a company paid one subscription fee for 1-5 users at one facility, only employees at that same facility can use the subscription to access our resource. This same subscription account cannot be used to provide access to other company employees at a different postal code. This also applies to 6-10 and 10+ users at each site. Please contact us if you have questions or if you would like to sign up various users at multiple sites using our special global subscription rate.
What if I want to sign up multiple users at multiple facilities or sites (different postal codes)?
Please contact us for a special global subscription rate or for licensing the B.R.I.D.G.E. extract at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Are there any discounts available?
- Subscribe to the ‘Above 10 Users’ plan for 2 or more years and receive a 10% discount with pre-payment.
- Sign up for a global subscription for 2 or more years and receive a 10% discount with pre-payment.
- Get a 10% discount for each year of subsequent licensing of our B.R.I.D.G.E. extract after the initial year.
Contact us for more details.
How do I sign-up?
Visit our sign up page; however, if you are interested in a global subscription rate or in licensing the B.R.I.D.G.E. extract, please contact us at email@example.com. You will be prompted to complete a one-page registration form. Please remember the log-in and password you enter during registration. As soon as the payment is made, you will receive a confirmation that you have been registered. After that, enter your log-in and password on the homepage, and you can start your B.R.I.D.G.E. TO DATA® experience!
Can I authorize another person to access my account?
If my company works with external consultants, can we sign them up as users with our account?
Yes, this may be permitted under certain circumstances. The 1-5, 6-10, and 11+ user subscriptions are limited to individuals at a single facility. If multiple users at multiple sites require access, then please contact us for a special global subscription rate at firstname.lastname@example.org. However, external consultants that are hired by the subscribing institution, may be exempt from these conditions outlined above as long as the following criteria are met: (i) The Institutional Administrator (IA) maintains responsibility in managing access to each hired consultant, and (ii) The consultants limit their access to B.R.I.D.G.E. for work conducted for the subscribing institution and do not access it for any other purposes.
Can a user migrate from one account (linked with one company) to another account (linked with another company)?
Yes. If you have questions about this option, or if you would like to transfer your user account to a new account (linked with another company) please contact us at email@example.com.
Can one subscription level (e.g., 1-5 users) be upgraded to a subscription level that allows more users (e.g., 6-10 users or Global)?
Yes. If you have questions about upgrading your current subscription to include more users at your institution, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org. We can accommodate your request any time and charge you the difference for the rest of the subscription period.
What types of payment do you accept?
- Wire Transfer: Please contact us at email@example.com for routing details. NOTE: If you pay by wire transfer internationally, you will have to bear an additional cost of US $40-$50 (fee charged by banks for international transactions).
- Check: Please make payment in the amount due to: DGI Center for Health Research and Education, LLC and mail to:
4000 Legato Road
Fairfax, VA 22033
Do you have a Refund Policy?
What is your telephone number?
Phone: +1 (571)-402-1576
What is your mailing address?
B.R.I.D.G.E. TO DATA®
4000 Legato Road, Suite 1100
Fairfax, VA 22033
How do I get on your mailing or email list?
Send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org and let us know that you wish to get on to our mailing list, and we will send you valuable information from time-to-time.